Considering Investing in a Food

Quite a lot of the most famous brands are in the food franchising sector. Familiar names like McDonalds, Pizza Hut, Burger King and numerous more have championed the franchise methodology to develop their reach as far as possible. The former have gained a presence into most corners of the globe it seems. Its claimed that McDonalds at this time have more than 31,000 outlets in over 110 countries. Even though a number of outlets are company owned, over 70% are administered as franchises, by standalone business owners. This is franchise business operating on a considerable scale!

Of course, the food franchise business is an incredibly recession robust sort of business to be involved in. Everyone needs to eat, its quick and easy, moderately low cost and with the child openness of a lot of the fast food type businesses, are usually a low cost choice for a family to go out for lunch.

Alongside burger outlets and still retaining the fast service principle at its core, you can find salad bars, sandwich bars to cater for most tastes.

And its not merely fast food outlets that can be run as franchise businesses. Catering franchise businesses live to deliver food for business events or business lunches, home delivery services to serve those who have a requirement to have meals delivered to their door, and more!

Starting up a Food Franchise system

The food sector can present a great opportunity, however, as with any other business venture, its wise to do your groundwork before buying into a food franchise. Think about your strengths and your areas of weakness and then examine choices which match the things you get pleasure from doing as well as your character.

Make sure you open up financing choices with your bank as finance will play a big role in the franchise system choice. Some of the food franchise businesses you might consider may already have a well renowned reputation and solid branding, however, its still invaluable to enquire with the bank if they retain any record on the franchise you are researching. After you have sufficient finance information under your belt its time to visit the franchisor, observe their setup and in addition chat to a selection of their franchisees. The franchisees can potentially provide you with some useful feedback in relation to how the franchise business performs for them day-to-day.

Getting hold of legal recommendation will also be important as there will be legal contracts involved in the franchise business startup. Its wise to be correctly educated and covered in relation to any repercussions. As soon as you have decided on your choice, give yourself to following the confirmed franchise system and doing your best to make the food franchise succeed for you.

Some Of The UK’s Food Chains Are Making Basic Hygiene Blunders

Some of the UK’s best known food chains have been found wanting in their food safety standards under recent inspections from local authorities working with the Food Standards Agency.

The inspectors were working towards Food Hygiene and Safety ratings for each food outlet with a score system going from zero to five in the following manner.

* A zero rated food outlet needs “urgent improvement”.
* One indicates the need for “major improvements”.
* A score of two specifies “improvements” of some kind.
* Three is “satisfactory”.
* Four is “good”.
* Five denotes “very good”.

It is not unreasonable to expect our biggest food chains to score consistently highly from such inspections as it reflects their companies professionalism and dedication to providing safe food for their customers, but sadly the reports show that in almost a third of the food houses inspected seriously worrying results were found.

The basic food hygiene blunders found included items such as mouse droppings next to open food, poor hand washing practices, color coding safeguards against cross contamination of bacteria systematically compromised. raw foods handled with cooked, refrigerator temperatures set too high. In fact the full list of dangerous practices found could almost be used as a catalogue of what not to do in a kitchen.

However the most worrying aspect of all was that many of the food handlers under inspection were unaware of their contraventions of how safe foods should be handled as described under The UK’s Food Safety Act.

The inspections covered thirty of the UK’s best known food chains and it would be unfair not to mention companies like Nando’s, Wetherspoons and McDonalds who were identified in the reports for scoring consistently highly.

However with the outlets of these three removed a total of around 3900 food outlets still remain, which if considered to perhaps have an average of 25 staff each, estimates a total food handling compliment approaching 100,000 workers, a third of which the reports infer are inadequately trained to undertake their jobs safely.

These loosely calculated 30,000 food handlers are out there serving potentially unsafe foods to innocent customers whilst their employers presumably concentrate on profit margins in preference to food standards.

So yes I would draw the conclusion from these reports that some of our UK’s biggest Food Chains are neglecting the training recommendations for Food Handlers as defined by the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health and I would applaud the Food Standards Agency together with the local authority Environmental Health Officers who brought this matter to light.

Food is Poisoning Us

Companies are continually recalling food and drinks products due to mis-labelling or contamination. For example over the past 4 weeks:

A wine company recalled their products due to incorrect allergen labelling information. Allergen: Sulphites

A food company recalled soft dried apricots due to incorrect allergen labelling information. Allergen: Sulphites

A supermarket chain recalled a green Thai style stir fry sauce due to incorrect allergen labelling information. Allergen: Fish

A supermarket chain recalled its Indian cooking sauces because the acidity levels are too low. As the acidity levels are too low, this means micro-organisms may grow and the sauces will be past their best before the ‘best before’ date that appears on the jar.

A drinks company has withdrawn batches of soft drinks because of high levels of benzoic acid (a permitted preservative)

A supermarket chain has withdrawn two batches of its own-brand wholegrain brown rice because they might be contaminated with insects.

I’ve looked at diet and nutrition in previous articles and the role of food in that diet. What about the food itself? Apart from the nutrients it provides, what other undesirable elements are included in food?

Safe food is defined as food which is free from contaminants and will not cause illness or harm.

Food poisoning is an acute illness (quick onset) caused by the consumption of contaminated or poisonous food.

There are four classes of contaminants: Microbial, Chemical,Physical and Allergenic. All have been implicated in making people ill and causing death.

Food hygiene is defined as all practices and procedures that food handlers adopt to ensure the safety of food. Poor food hygiene practices are a major cause of food poisoning, not just in the commercial world of cafes, restaurants, take-outs and pre-prepared TV dinners, but also in our homes.

It has been conservatively estimated by food safety scientists that there are at least 6 million cases of food poisoning in the UK and 30 million cases in the USA every year; approximately 10% of their respective populations. These figures refer to the reported, and more substantially to the unreported cases of food poisoning. The latter constituting the biggest part of the cases. So why the increase, rather than decrease over the past 15 or more years?

1. Increase in the purchase of cheap, intensively farmed poultry. Poultry farmed in closed buildings. 14 birds reared in an area of 1 square metre. Each bird pecking at each other, at each others urine and faeces, causing infection. That is not to say that free range, organically raised poultry are free from disease, far from it. Free range states that chickens have access to the outside, not necessarily that they take that option! Even if they reach outside, they peck at soil and faeces, again causing infection.

2. Intensive feeding of farm animals was responsible for starting BSE in the 1980s. Farmers feeding dead, scrapie infected sheep’s’ carcasses to cattle was the probable cause. If farmers leave their sheep and cattle to graze naturally, it takes longer for them to reach maturity than if they are fed supplements. Farmers have to get their animals to market as quickly as possible. It makes good business sense, this way they will make a profit more quickly and cash flows. However,in order to bring their produce to market sooner they use supplemental feeds based on high protein, usually meat or fish derivatives. From an ethical point of view they are feeding vegetarians animal based protein? From a business point of view it also makes good sense to use the cheapest animal food they can source. Unfortunately a lot of the cheap food is not sterilised to kill microbial contaminants. This is transferred to the animals and to us.

3. There has been a dearth of ethnic food outlets sprouting up throughout all rural communities. The problem here is not one of race or ethnicity; it is not being able to provide food hygiene courses in their native tongue, which is not usually English. Many large cities will have training providers, but not the rural areas, where the eateries are located. Although food hygiene books are provided in the majority of non-English languages, people will not learn just from books, they must attend an interactive lesson or online course. Books are so easily tossed to one side to gather dust.

4. Pre-prepared foods such as ready meals, TV dinners, desserts, etc are prepared out of our control. Do you really know what has been included in the preparation, can you trust the ingredients list, and can you guarantee the personal hygiene of the food handler? My background as a chef gives me adequate knowledge to prepare my own meals from raw materials. I know what goes into the preparation and cooking. But what about the raw materials? That’s one chink in my food preparation armour.

5. Barbeques are a major source of food poisoning every year. Here we have two problems. One is the handling of raw and ready to eat food. If there is one thing you must remember about food it is this: all raw meat contains food poisoning bacteria (pathogens). This is without exception. Meat is prepared in abattoirs, which are not the most sanitary of facilities. There is a lot of splashing and spillages from intestinal fluids and faeces of the animals being prepared for the table. These residues contaminate the prepared carcasses.

If raw meat is handled and one’s hands are not washed, the meat juices, along with the pathogens, can be transferred to ready to eat food, (bread roles for example), and cause illness. Food tends to cook quickly on a barbecue, especially the outside, but not the inside, not enough to kill pathogens. Foods must be cooked to the right temperature to kill bacteria or illness will ensue.

6. More bacteria variants are mutating, causing more illnesses than ever before. The more chemicals we use to try to destroy them, the more they develop an immunity to the chemicals.

7. We tend not to let our children play in insanitary conditions, such as in mud. We feed them highly processed food, which is totally devoid of bacteria. We are not allowing them to develop an immunity to pathogens.

8. When we buy ready to eat chilled food from an outlet,it must be kept chilled. Examples are: ready to eat cold meat, filled rolls/sandwiches/baguettes, scotch eggs, pork pies. These foods will contain pathogens, in small numbers, from the food handlers, customers, environment, etc. They will also contain spores from certain pathogens. If the food is not kept cold, the spores will germinate and start to grow as bacteria,the bacteria already present will also grow. This growth will then cause illness, even if the food is placed in the fridge, on arriving at home. The damage is done, it is too late.

9. There are less chemical preservatives in foods than there used to be. Scientists have found and are still finding that certain chemical additives can cause diseases such as cancer. Manufacturers strive to use more natural preservatives such as sugar, salt, vinegar, lemon/lime juice, herbs, and spices to prevent decay.

So what should we do?

1. Cheap poultry is a good source of cheap protein, especially for families who cannot afford more expensive protein. Cheap poultry will continue to be produced until the market dictates otherwise. Ensure the meat is cooked to the right temperature to kill the pathogens. Check the thickest part of the meat to ensure the temperature is constant throughout.

2. Intensively fed animals will still be produced as families look for cheaper cuts of meat. Again any pathogens will be killed by adequate cooking. I will be covering temperatures in a further article.

3. More effort by country’s’ governments to fund courses for ethnic food outlets should be encouraged. Whilst I am on the subject of ethnic outlets, please beware of the rogue kebab takeaways. Kebab meat (lamb or chicken) is raw meat; it is therefore a harbinger of pathogens. The kebab meat is placed on a skewer which rotates in front of a heat source. The only part of the meat to be cooked is the outside surface. When the meat is sliced it is still partly raw, therefore containing bacteria. The outlet should now place the shavings of meat on a griddle to finish cooking. If not, and the meat is served straight away, it contains pathogens and will cause illness. If you drink alcohol before you order the kebab, be especially aware! Alcohol reduces your immunity to food poisoning and the end result could be twice as bad!

4. Prepare your own food from raw materials. Cut out the middle man/woman who might contaminate your food. I will be introducing video cookery lessons later in 2010, so there will be no excuses!

5. If you handle raw foods during barbeques, wash your hands before handling other foods such as bread rolls. Ensure the right temperature is achieved before serving food. Check the thickest part of the food.

6. Avoid using chemicals wherever possible. The best disinfectant (a product which kills bacteria) I know is very hot water, for example straight from a kettle.

7. Let our children develop an immunity to pathogens. Let them play outdoors (under supervision); feed them freshly prepared foods, especially raw foods.

8. Keep chilled food cold, either by packing the food in thermal boxes with ice packs or mixing your frozen foods with your chilled foods in the same bag.

9. Check labels on containers to see what storage conditions are required. It either has to be refrigerated after opening or retained in a cool storage area, such as a kitchen cupboard. Supermarkets are recalling food products almost on a daily basis due to contamination or mis-labelling. Food poisoning is on the increase due to incorrect handling of chilled food, intensive farming/feeding, language barriers with ethnic eateries, BBQs cause major problems, eating out more, eating more pre-prepared foods, more bacterial mutations. Good housekeeping and a common sense approach to eating can help prevent many cases.

History of Fast Food

It is believed that fast food originated during the ancient Roman times where cooked meals were available instantly during games and festivals. Fast food gained prominence after Merriam-Webster dictionary recognized it in the year 1951. In some countries like India, the fast food industry is exploding and growing at the rate of 41 percent each year.

Fast food is one that is available readily and served to the customers through a fast service. The culture started essentially as an urban phenomenon to meet the needs of busy people. The concept of fast food is very old, but it became modernized and professional after the end of the Second World War.

Some popular food outlets:

White Castle
It is one of the oldest food chains in the U.S. It was started by Billy Ingram in the year 1921 in Wichita, Kansas. The company has the reputation of being the first one to sell a billion burgers.

Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC)
It is popularly known as KFC throughout the world. It was founded by Harland Sanders in 1930 as a single outlet. Today it has worldwide presence. KFC is better known for its fried chicken and it boasts of a recipe that is very confidential.

7- Eleven
It is another popular food outlet in the U.S with around 7,100 outlets. It sells ice blocks to refrigerated foods.

McDonald’s
Started as a drive-in restaurant in the U.S., it has its outlets spread across all the continents. The founding fathers were Dick and Mac McDonalds. It sells food items ranging from hamburgers, milk, coffee, soft drinks, French fries and milkshakes. It has 31,000 outlets globally in 126 countries and the business revenue is 13 billion per year.

Citygate Hong Kong Outlet

Citygate Outlets is probably one of Hong Kong’s most famous shopping destinations. The mall is discount heaven, as a wide variety of stores have opened factory outlets alongside each other here. Any shopper visiting Hong Kong must spend at least a day here to eat, be pampered and of course, to shop, shop, shop.

Luxury For Less

Popular designer labels that have outlet stores at Citygate Outlets Hong Kong include Bally, Burberry, Calvin Klein Jeans, Club 21, Tommy Hilfiger and Vivienne Tam. Polo Ralph Lauren has also recently opened a well-sized and stocked outlet here store.

The pieces on sale generally include dresses, bags and accessories. They are usually off-season and discounts range from 30% to 50%, depending on the item and how ‘off-season’ it is. As with most outlet stores, sizes can run out quite quickly, so prepare to be disappointed if you have a common shoe size.

Several stores, including Guess and Crocs, offer discounts as high as 70%.

You can also find Adidas, Puma and Timberland outlet stores here, which offer significant reductions of up to 60%.

If you need a new suitcase to bring back everything you’ve bought in Hong Kong, take a look at the Samsonite outlet store, which sells backpacks and luggage at 30% below regular prices.

Food

Hungry shoppers will be pleased to know that Citygate Outlets also has a wide variety of food outlets, including a McDonald’s and foodrepublic food court. More adventurous foodies can try Vietnamese food at Deli Viet Vietnamese and Southern European and Mediterranean food at Olea.

If you’re looking to bring a taste of Hong Kong back home, stop by the supermarket in the basement, which sells every imaginable item, including Chinese long-boiled soup in microwaveable packs.

More than a Mall

Citygate Outlets might be known for its shopping, but most patrons don’t know that the mall’s more than just a regular mall. It boasts a spa, a multi-screen cinema and Asia’s largest outdoor kinetic fountain.

The spa, by MTM, is definitely a highlight for tired shoppers looking for a relaxing end to a day. Using aromatherapy, it promises a rejuvenating experience for all.

Transport and Accommodation

Citygate Outlets Hong Kong are conveniently located within just ten minutes of the international airport, which makes it a perfect first stop for tourists entering the city.

The nearest major hotel would be Hotel Novotel Hong Kong Citygate, which is literally at the doorstep of Citygate Outlets Hong Kong. Room rates generally start from S$200 per night.

It is also easily accessible from other parts of the city by MTR – commuters simply need to alight at Tung Chung MTR station and take Exit C.

Food and Beverage

Food and beverage service is the service of food made in the kitchen and drinks prepared in the bar to the customers (guests) at the food & beverage premises, which can be restaurants, bars, hotels, airlines, cruise ships, trains, companies, schools, colleges, hospitals, prisons, takeaway, etc.

Food & beverage outlets are divided in to the following categories:

1. Restaurants: Restaurants are places where Food & Drink is served.

There are various types of Restaurants:

All Day Dining Restaurants: They are sometimes called Coffee Shops or Cafes in Hotels. They are usually big in size with many Covers (seats), compared to other Restaurants in the same Hotel. The main reason why they are called All Day Dining Restaurants is because of their hours of operation, as they are open for Breakfast in the Morning to Lunch in the afternoon to Dinner in the Evening.

Fine Dining Restaurants: Fine Dining Restaurants are characterized by their elaborate and exclusive menu with special emphasis on the very high quality food they serve. The emphasis being on fresh ingredients and natural flavors or on the type of Cuisine served, or both. Usually the operation of this restaurant revolves around the Head Chef or Chef De Cuisine of this Outlet.

Specialty Restaurants: These are Restaurants which usually have a type of National or Regional Character or Cuisine attached to them, for example: Italian Specialty Restaurant, Chinese Specialty Restaurant etc. In some Hotels they do also sometimes have Multi Cuisine Specialty Restaurant, which literally means that Restaurant serves cuisine from more than one country, or the dishes on the Menu at that Restaurant has Food Specialties from many different countries.

2. Lounge: Lounges can be found in different hotels. Their main purpose is to offer Food & Drinks in relaxed surroundings with comfortable and cozy seating in relaxed surroundings. There are many kinds of Lounges ranging from a Lounge in a Lobby, Cocktail Lounge and Cigar Lounge to Executive and Club Lounge in special Floors.

3. Bar: Bar is a place where drinks are served. There is usually a small Snacks Menu too. The service is fast and quick. There are various kinds of Bars ranging from Formal bars to Club Bars, Pubs, Pool Bars, Wine Bars, Cocktail Bars, Beach Bar to Juice Bars and many more.

4. Discotheque/Nightclub: They are outlets where Music and Entertainment takes priority with the Food & Drink. The operation is very fast and the guest numbers are large. Security is an important aspect in these operations. Music and entertainment can range from DJ to live bands playing.

5.Room Service/In Room Dining: Room Service, also known as In Room Dining.It is the service of Food & Drink in Guest Rooms in a Hotel or a Resort. Depending on the size and type of Hotel or Resort its functions vary.

6. Meeting and Conference Rooms: Meeting and Conference rooms together with Ball Rooms come under the Banquets & Conference section. They are a great source of Revenue in Food & Beverage Department usually in Corporate and City Hotels. MICE (Meetings, Incentives, and Conferences & Exhibitions) can alone bring much revenue in some hotels in comparison to other outlets in Hotel.

7. Ball Rooms: These are large Function Rooms which are primarily used for Functions and Weddings. The Staffing ration of Full Time Staff in this section is very less as the Function and Wedding Business can sometimes be seasonal and extra staff is usually filled in by the use of Casual Staff. This Section is the most Dynamic section in Food & Beverage with the Conference Section, which is more physically demanding and creatively oriented.

8. Delicatessen: Delicatessen or Deli traditionally had been a place where fresh meat and other produce were available. Hotels nowadays use this concept of having a Deli on their premises, where guests can buy fresh produce ranging from Freshly Baked Bread, Cold Meat, Fresh Salads, Cakes, Home Made Ice creams and light and healthy drinks.

Fast Food Concept

Traditionally, fast foods were meant to be consumed by those who are constantly on the go, always trying to beat the clock. Unlike your regular food, you don’t have to wait for your order to be cooked. Your food will be served moments after your order has been placed.

The concept of fast food offers the food industry a more competitive edge. With food being served at a very fast pace, the output can be optimized and maximized at the same time. Though the operating hours of different eateries may vary, eateries would be most pack during lunch and dinner hours.

An eatery running on a traditional concept would lose out to fast food outlets in terms of output and capacity. Cutting down the time diners have to wait at a restaurant would maximize on the profit, with the assumption that the restaurant is at full-house capacity during these peak hours.

Most restaurants running on the traditional concept, where food is prepared only upon an order, are shifting towards the fast food concept little by little. So to speak, the food on top of a restaurant’s menu would be prepared in advance even before the order is place, in order to hasten the overall process.

The most notable shift we can see is Starbucks. Traditionally, Starbucks would only prepare your drinks on the spot upon order. However, during peak hours, especially during breakfast, most of the more common drinks will be prior prepared in bulk.

Though a restaurant may not be classified as a fast food restaurant, the concept is slowly adopted at a wide scale to remain competitive.

Healthy Food Tips for a Healthy

As we go about our daily hectic and busy lives, eating sensibly and healthily is getting more difficult as we get less time to prepare our own meals. To add to that, convenient food outlets like fast food restaurants make it easy for people today to just “outsource” their nutrition responsibilities to the restaurant. Unfortunately, these foods are far from healthy, often laden with a high content of salt, sugar and fat.

If you want to live healthily, you need to put health as a priority, and that means changing the way you eat.

Many people think that preparing healthy meals take a lot of time, but that is not often the case. Here are some ways for you to get healthy food on your plate quickly and easily.

#1. Go grocery shopping twice a week to stock up on your fresh meats and vegetables

Making sure your refrigerator is stocked up with the right foods is the first step to a better healthier life. Stop buying those frozen pizzas, and opt for green leafy vegetables and raw meat. Even the leafy vegetables can last 2 to 3 days when stored in refrigeration, so you don’t have to go to the market daily.

If you tend to spend a lot of time in the supermarkets or wet market, you can definitely do with a shopping list. Go in, get the stuff you need, and check out!

#2. Marinate meats before freezing

Meats like chicken or pork often requires marinating before cooking – and that takes time, especially if you need to wait for the frozen food to thaw before you marinate. So as you purchase your fresh meats, get them marinated before you put them into the freezer. That way, all you need to get a good dish is to thaw it, and put it into your pan!

#3. Get wholemeal bread for breakfast

Instead of pancakes and oily sausages and hash browns, consider simple wholemeal bread, butter and jam for breakfast. They are much easier to prepare and have much better food value since wholemeal bread is packed with good fibre.

#4. Use a water bottle for your water

Instead of reaching for the fizzy drink each time you crave for a drink, reach for your bottle of water instead. If you would just replace your sweet soft drink with water for each meal, you can reduce your calorie intake by 450 calories a day easily! If you need some flavor in your drink, try unsweetened teas – the 5 calorie drink way better than the 150 calories in that can.

Modern Food

From Nutrition to Junk

In time gone by what we ate was automatically organic, as no artificial additives were dug into the soil to enhance extra and faster growth. They were all natural ingredients, and therefore, it was not necessary for us to have to partake of all the mineral and vitamin supplements that we have to take today. Not only is the soil as nutritious, the food planted in it, is also fed with all sorts of enhancers, to improve the visible and marketable appearance.

In reality, we are not eating as much worthwhile, nutritious food as we should be taking. Hence the vitamin supplement market is doing a thriving trade, in many ways falsely boosting us up to the level, necessary for good and healthy living. Look at all the energy boosters of sugar that we love to eat and drink! Who does not love a piece of chocolate or slice of cake, a cup of coffee with lots of sugar in it or a fizzy drink? What a boost to the system! They may be giving us a quick fix, but in reality they are not helping us either, in the short or long term doing as far as our actual health is concerned. In later life, this can lead to all forms of complications.

Children seem to be fed on an overdose of Junk food. Chips and fizzy cool drink seem to be the norm, instead of only on special occasions. The visits to Fast Food outlets are far too frequent, often because parents do not feel like cooking. It is much easier just to go out to a steakhouse or other Fast Food outlet and indulge in a hamburger and chips. All that fat churning away inside you, could be eventually be a killer!.

We see so many little “fatties “running around, with their tee shirts hanging loosely, trying to hide bulging fat tummies hanging over their jean waists. If they ate proper food at regular mealtimes, they would have appealing figures they could be proud of instead.

Unfortunately, it is not only the children that are overweight, in many cases it is the parents who set the example. Many are so obese; they can hardly fit into their clothes, or sit in comfort on the average size chair. Do not even think about movies or theatre seats! Is this all due to laziness? Time is often of the essence, but with careful and organised planning; cooking an appetizing meal is certainly not so difficult

Fast Food Facts

These days we are looking to make things, particularly eating, more convenient. With both parties in a couple working full time at often challenging careers, the fast food restaurant can be seen as the answer to getting a nourishing meal quickly and easily. Many feel they just don’t have the time to prepare a meal after working a long day, and the convenience of fast food is appealing. However, they are not the best choice for a healthy nutritious meal. Let us look at a few facts about some of the fast food that is popular today.

McDonalds’

One of the wide range of hamburgers on offer with a portion of fries can be really tasty, but a regular Double Quarter Pound Cheeseburger with a medium portion of fries will give you about 60g of fat and around 1,100 calories, plus whatever you have to drink with it. So if your daily calorie target is 2,000 calories, you are already over halfway to your total with just the one meal.

Kentucky Fried Chicken

They offer very popular chicken meals, that are quick and easy, but just one original recipe chicken breast will give around 21g of fat and about 360 calories. Two chicken breasts will add up to 42g of fat and 720 calories. Plus any other things like potato wedges, cheese, pasta or mashed potato, which will add their own additional fat and calorie factors.

Pizza Hut

What can be easier than a ‘phoning for a pizza delivery? A Large Pepperoni pan pizza has approximately 14g of fat and 270 calories per slice! Eat just two slices of pizza (and who does?), and you will have taken on board about 28g of fat and a massive 340 calories. Add on the various extra toppings that are so popular, and the figures just keep on rising.

Subway

You may think that you are eating healthily, but be careful about what you choose. A 6″ Chicken Parmesan sandwich is around 18g of fat and about 500 calories. Add on the numbers for any side orders and relish or sauce on your sandwich, and the total amounts of fat and calories can be high. Steer clear of fast food outlets if you can, but if you need the convenience they offer, check out their menu in advance, to find what is available, so that you won’t exceed your diet plan.

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